The Full Form of ‘FEMA’ in Banking is ‘Foreign Exchange Management Act’.
Full Form of FEMA
Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA) is an act passed by the Indian Parliament in 1999. It was meant to replace the Foreign Exchange Regulation Act (FERA), which had been in effect since 1973. The main purpose of FEMA is to facilitate external trade and payments in India and promote orderly development and maintenance of foreign exchange markets in India.
The full form of FEMA stands for the Foreign Exchange Management Act, which was established in 1999 by the Government of India to encourage external trade and payments. It replaced the earlier legislation, Foreign Exchange Regulation Act (FERA). The primary objective of this act was to introduce a regime that would be more liberal than FERA, while still being able to regulate foreign exchange transactions in India.
The FEMA provides guidelines on all aspects related to foreign exchange such as remittance of funds abroad, risk management measures, foreign direct investment (FDI), borrowing abroad, import-export regulations, and other activities related to international transactions. This act also governs certain banking activities such as cross-border mergers & acquisitions, overseas investments made by Indian companies, capital account transactions etc.
Under this act, RBI has been authorized to issue directions from time to time for regulating the payment or transfer of money from one place or person outside India into another place or person outside India; and for regulating the receipt or transfer of money from one place or person inside India into another place or person inside India. All payments made by an authorized dealer are required to comply with FEMA regulations as applicable at any given time.
The RBI has issued detailed guidelines under FEMA for banks operating in India so that they can effectively monitor their foreign currency operations. Banks must adhere strictly to these guidelines when conducting any type of foreign exchange transaction. Any violation can result in penalties imposed by RBI on banks under section 11(3) of FEMA 1999 if it is found that bank officials have contravened any provisions specified under this act or have not adhered to the directions issued under it.
Banking sectors are thus required to follow all rules and regulations specified under FEMA strictly while dealing with international customers and businesses as it helps them stay compliant with laws pertaining to foreign exchange transactions as well as providing transparency and fairness when it comes to international deals even when dealing with customers located outside India like NRIs (Non Resident Indians). Also, compliance with any new amendments made will ensure smooth operations within a bank’s jurisdiction when dealing with overseas customers/transactions which could otherwise lead up into legal implications if neglected.
In conclusion, Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA) is essential for both banks operating within Indian borders as well as those who are dealing with international customers/businesses due its strict compliance requirements over various aspects related to foreign exchange such as remittances abroad, FDI etc., which ensures transparency and fairness when conducted between two countries irrespective of their location making it a crucial law for global banking operations.
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