The Full Form of ‘UNESCO’ in Organisation is ‘United Nations Educational Scientific and cultural organization’.
Full Form of UNESCO
UNESCO, or the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization, is an international organization founded in 1945 with a mission to build peace through international cooperation in education, science and culture. The organization was established as a response to the devastation of World War II and its aftermath.
The main objectives of UNESCO are to contribute to international peace and security by promoting collaboration among nations; protecting freedom of expression; promoting human rights; fostering cultural diversity; encouraging scientific research; developing technical cooperation between countries; and supporting global education initiatives. Additionally, it seeks to create an environment conducive to better social understanding, greater mutual respect, and fairer economic development.
UNESCO has over 195 Member States from around the world that share its vision for a better future for all people. In order for Member States to effectively implement UNESCO’s goals, they must abide by its Constitution which determines how the organization operates. This includes establishing a General Conference which elects the Director-General (currently Audrey Azoulay) and sets out the general policies that UNESCO should follow. It also recommends international programs, approves budgets, assigns financial contributions from Members States, reviews reports about UNESCO’s activities annually, and makes decisions about matters that affect all Member States’ interests.
UNESCO is divided into five separate divisions: Education Sector; Natural Sciences Sector; Social Sciences Sector; Communication & Information Sector; and Culture Sector. Each sector undertakes specialized projects in their respective fields in order to promote universal values such as education for all, gender equality, cross-cultural dialogue, scientific advancement, access to information technology, cultural heritage preservation and more.
To further advance this mission at a global level, UNESCO works with partners including governments, civil society organizations such as non-profit organizations (NGOs), UN agencies such as UNICEF or UNHCR , multinational corporations (MNCs), universities etc., who can help support its programmatic goals across various areas like healthcare or climate change action plans . For example – In 2015 UNESCO launched an initiative called “Sustainable Development Goal 4” which aims to ensure inclusive quality education for all children by 2030 . This initiative has been supported by numerous partners including government bodies , NGOs , foundations , MNCs , educational institutions etc., each contributing towards achieving this goal at different levels .
Through its various initiatives UNESCO promotes peace amongst nations through improved education standards , equitable access to knowledge resources , protection of cultural heritage , promotion of sustainable development practices etc., It thus serves as an important platform for collaboration between different stakeholders from around the world working together towards achieving common objectives .
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