The Full Form of ‘ARC’ in Banking is ‘Asset Reconstruction Companies’.
Full Form of ARC
The full form of ARC in banking is Asset Reconstruction Companies. These companies are created to purchase non-performing loans (NPLs) from banks and financial institutions, as well as to manage and recover the debt owed by borrowers. In other words, ARCs are specialized financial institutions that help banks and other financial institutions reduce their exposure to bad debts.
An ARC plays an important role in any economy, where it helps banks and other financial institutions deal with bad debts more efficiently. It also helps reduce the risk of default by providing a platform for lenders to buy NPLs from banks at a discounted rate. By restructuring delinquent accounts, ARCs also provide borrowers with an opportunity to settle their outstanding debt without facing severe legal consequences.
In order for an ARC to be successful, it must have a sound understanding of the business environment in which it operates and the legal framework that governs its activities. It must also possess sufficient funds and resources to acquire NPLs from banks or other financial institutions at competitive prices. Furthermore, ARCs need strong professional skills in asset management so they can effectively manage the assets they acquire and realize maximum value from them through effective debt recovery strategies.
Moreover, ARCs must comply with all applicable regulations regarding creditworthiness assessment, due diligence process, conflict of interest avoidance guidelines, etc., while also adhering to prudential requirements set out by regulatory bodies such as the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). Additionally, they should strive to maintain high standards of corporate governance and transparency in order to protect their customers’ interests.
When dealing with NPLs purchased from banks or other financial institutions, ARCs typically use various tools such as debt restructuring schemes, sale of assets on auction basis, one-time settlement schemes (OTS), securitization/asset reconstruction transactions etc., to maximize asset recovery value while minimizing losses associated with bad debts. They may also employ collection agencies or legal action against borrowers who fail to make timely payments on their debts.
In conclusion, Asset Reconstruction Companies are specialized entities created to purchase non-performing loans from banks and other financial institutions so that these lenders can reduce their exposure to bad debts quickly and efficiently. The success of an ARC depends on its ability to assess creditworthiness accurately and employ prudent recovery strategies in order to maximize asset recovery value while minimizing losses associated with bad debts.
Queries Covered Related to “ARC”
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