The Full Form of ‘DPT’ in Medical is ‘Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus’.
Full Form of DPT
DPT is a common acronym that is used in the medical field which stands for Diphtheria, Pertussis, and Tetanus. It is most commonly used in reference to the vaccine of the same name given to children starting from infancy. The DPT vaccine is designed to protect against three serious and life-threatening diseases caused by bacterial infections, including diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough) and tetanus.
Diphtheria is an infection caused by the bacteria Corynebacterium diphtheriae which can lead to complications such as airway obstruction, heart failure or even death. Symptoms include sore throat with difficulty breathing, fever and weakness.
Pertussis (whooping cough) is an infectious disease caused by the Bordetella pertussis bacterium which can cause severe coughing spells that make it difficult to breathe. Symptoms include severe coughing fits followed by a “whoop” sound when inhaling, as well as vomiting and exhaustion after coughing fits.
Tetanus is an infection caused by the bacterium Clostridium tetani which can lead to muscle spasms in the neck and jaw (lockjaw), difficulty swallowing and breathing, seizures and even death. Symptoms of tetanus begin with muscle stiffness in the neck or jaw followed by spasms of other muscles throughout the body.
The DPT vaccine was developed over 60 years ago and has been proven extremely effective at protecting children against these three serious diseases. In fact, due to widespread immunization programs it has been estimated that over 30 million cases of diphtheria have been prevented since 1962 alone! It has also been credited with saving millions of lives worldwide through its ability to protect against all three diseases simultaneously in one shot.
Current guidelines suggest that children should receive four doses of the DPT vaccine at 2 months old, 4 months old, 6 months old and then again between 15-18 months old. Booster shots are also recommended every 10 years for life long protection against all three diseases. Side effects from this vaccine are usually mild and may include fever, fussiness/irritability or redness/swelling at injection site but serious reactions are very rare (less than 1%).
In conclusion, DPT is an acronym widely used in medicine which stands for Diphtheria, Pertussis and Tetanus – three serious bacterial infections which can lead to severe complications including death if not treated early enough or prevented through vaccination. The DPT vaccine has been around for over 60 years now and has proven extremely effective at preventing all three diseases simultaneously in one shot while side effects are usually mild with serious reactions being very rare (less than 1%).
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