The meaning of ‘MITM’ in IT Security is ‘Man in the Middle Attack’.
Meaning of ‘MITM’
Man in the Middle (MITM) is a type of attack in IT security that is used to gain access to sensitive information. It occurs when a malicious actor intercepts the communication between two parties and manipulates the data being sent or received. The attacker can then use this access to steal confidential information, such as passwords and credit card numbers, or to launch other attacks such as denial of service.
MITM attacks are particularly dangerous because they allow an attacker to remain undetected while they are accessing sensitive data. This type of attack is often used by hackers who want to gain access to a system without being detected by the target’s security measures. They may also be used by malicious actors who want to eavesdrop on communications between two parties, such as using a fake Wi-Fi network or DNS spoofing.
The most common way for an attacker to carry out a MITM attack is through packet sniffing. This involves capturing data packets that are sent over a network, which can then be read and manipulated by the attacker. The attacker can use this information to gain access to sensitive data such as usernames and passwords, or even credit card numbers if the packets contain encrypted financial information.
Some other methods used for carrying out MITM attacks include IP spoofing, session hijacking, ARP poisoning, and DNS cache poisoning. All of these techniques involve manipulating data so that it appears as though it was sent from a legitimate source rather than from an attacker’s computer or server.
To protect against MITM attacks it is important for organizations to use strong encryption methods when transmitting sensitive data over networks. This ensures that data cannot be intercepted and read by attackers before it reaches its intended destination. Additionally, organizations should employ secure authentication protocols so that users must provide valid credentials before they can access any resources on their systems. Finally, organizations should monitor their networks closely for any suspicious activity that could indicate an attempted MITM attack and take appropriate action if one is discovered.
In conclusion, Man in the Middle (MITM) attacks are one of the most commonly used techniques in IT security today. They allow malicious actors to intercept communications between two parties and manipulate them in order to gain access to sensitive information or launch other types of attacks on systems. To protect against these types of attacks organizations should use strong encryption methods when sending data across networks, employ secure authentication protocols, and monitor their networks closely for suspicious activity that could indicate an attempted MITM attack has occurred.
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